TMD Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment
By Steven Kail on January 09, 2013
If you experience jaw pain or notice a clicking sound and locking feeling when you try to open your mouth, you may have temporomandibular joint disorder. Temporomandibular joint disorder, or TMJ disorder, is treatable so you don't have to live in pain or discomfort. If you are looking for a Jackson cosmetic dentist to help alleviate your TMJ disorder, we welcome you to schedule a consultation at Premier Dental Center. In the meantime, here is an overview of the symptoms, causes, and treatments of TMJ disorders.
The Symptoms of TMJ Disorder
Temporomandibular joint disorder, also known as temporomandibular disorder (TMD), has many symptoms ranging from mild discomfort to severe pain. The pain associated with TMJ disorder may be localized to the jaw or even spread to the neck and shoulders. Here are some of the common symptoms of TMJ disorder:
- Pain around the jaw joint and possibly the neck and shoulders
- Pain around the jaw joint when eating, speaking, or opening the mouth
- Difficulty opening the mouth
- Clicking or popping sound when opening and closing the mouth
- Difficulty chewing
- Jaws get locked when opened or closed
- Headaches, earaches, or toothaches
- Ringing in the ears or other hearing problems
- Facial swelling in the jaw area
Causes of TMJ Disorder
The temporomandibular joint makes chewing possible by allowing the jaw to move up, down, and side to side. Temporomandibular joint disorder may be caused by issues with the muscles controlling the jaw or problems with the jaw joint itself. Other potential causes of TMJ include:
- Teeth clenching or grinding, which puts pressure on the jaw joints
- Stress, which can result in teeth clenching and grinding
- Rheumatoid arthritis or osteoarthritis within the temporomandibular joint
- Jaw injury or injury to the muscles controlling the jaw
- Dislocation of the soft cushion within the temporomandibular joint
Treatments for TMJ Disorder
There are many different types of treatments for TMJ disorder, including non-invasive therapy and surgical options. It is best to try non-invasive treatments before undergoing surgery. Here are some of the available treatments for TMJ disorder:
- Practice temporomandibular joint stretching exercises as prescribed by your dentist
- Avoid crunchy and chewy foods which can exacerbate TMJ disorder
- Eat soft foods which reduces the amount of chewing required
- Wear a night guard to prevent clenching your teeth during sleep
- Avoid resting your chin on your arm or hand, which can put more pressure on your jaw
- Seek corrective treatments to correct the bite. For our patients in Jackson, dental crowns and orthodontics are a great option in bite misalignment problems.
- Surgical treatment is available and may be necessary if other treatments are not successful at alleviating TMJ disorder symptoms.
Schedule a Consultation with Premier Dental Center
Don't suffer from the pain and discomfort of temporomandibular joint disorder any longer. Schedule a consultation with Premier Dental Center; our skilled dentist will devise a TMJ treatment plan just for you.
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