Hyperdontia: What Treatments Are Available?

By Steven Kail on March 09, 2017

Hyperdontia - Extra teeth in the mouthA number of patients who come to our Jackson restorative dentistry practice suffer from tooth loss in varying degrees. There are plenty of ways that this dental problem can be dealt with, rebuilding the smile and improving dental health in the process. Some patients have the opposite problem: they have too many teeth, and we're not talking about wisdom teeth.

We'd like to use this blog post to consider the issue of hyperdontia. This rare condition can lead to a number of issues, though proper treatment early on can help keep patients smiling bright and big fo years and years to come.

About Hyperdontia

In a normal human mouth, there are 32 teeth (including wisdom teeth). Hyperdontia is a condition in which a person has one or more additional teeth. It's been estimated that hyperdontia affects around 1 percent to 4 percent of the population.

Typically a person will have just an extra tooth or two, though many more additional teeth can affect people in unique circumstances.

The Causes of Hyperdontia

The two main causes of hyperdontia are genetics and environmental factors.

In terms of genetics, you may be more likely to develop additional teeth if one of your parents or relatives had a similar issue.

In terms of environmental factors, this simply means that certain kinds of chemical or substance exposures while developing in the womb can lead to an increased likelihood of hyperdontia.

Supernumerary Teeth: What You Should Know

The extra teeth that develop as a result of hyperdontia are known as supernumerary teeth. These extra teeth can grow anywhere in the mouth along or around the upper and lower rows of teeth. The most common types of supernumerary teeth are often anterior incisors, which are located in the upper row of teeth. The next most common supernumerary teeth are additional fourth molars on the lower row of teeth.

Types of Extra Teeth

In terms of shape and position, there are a few different types of extra teeth that may develop:

  • Supplemental – The same sort of teeth in the general area in which they would located
  • Tuberculate – Barrel-shaped teeth
  • Conical – Peg-shaped teeth
  • Compound Odontoma – Small tooth-like forms
  • Complex Odontoma – A mass of hard dental tissue

Hidden Supernumerary Teeth

Keep in mind that not all supernumerary teeth will emerge and be visible. Sometimes these extra teeth remain hidden. This can lead to problems with the emergence of the patient's permanent teeth or it can have an adverse effect on your overall dental alignment. Whatever the case may be, treatment is crucial for a smile that looks great and is healthy.

Treatments for Hyperdontia

When it comes to treating hyperdontia, the best option is surgical removal of the supernumerary tooth or teeth followed by orthodontic treatment if necessary. Both of these treatments are best when done at an early age. It's easier to improve dental alignment in younger patients since they are still growing. Similarly, treating alignment and health issues such as these earlier in life can help prevent more serious wellness issues later on.

Learn More About Advanced Dental Care

For more information about treating dental problems of various kinds, be sure to contact our advanced dental care center today. The team at our practice looks forward to your visit and discussing these issues in much greater detail.

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