Common Causes of Poor Gum Health and Tips for Prevention

By Steven Kail on April 22, 2017

A dental examThe team at Premier Dental Center believes that all patients should receive expert dental care that focuses on state-of-the-art restorative dentistry treatments as well as at-home prevention. This focus on what we can do at the office and what patients can do for themselves is what makes us a leading dental practice in Jackson.

With this in mind, we want to consider some of the most common causes of gum disease and gum recession. We'll offer some insight on how to deal with these issues as well.

Lack of Brushing and Flossing

If you do not practice good oral hygiene, you run a greater risk of developing tooth decay and gum disease. This can lead to serious health issues, tooth loss, root canal infections, and even the spread of an infection to other parts of the mouth.

Be sure to brush your teeth at least twice a day and to floss at least once a night. Ideally you should brush and floss after every meal.

Aggressive Brushing and Flossing

Even if you brush and floss regularly, you may be doing it in a harmful manner. Brushing too aggressively and flossing too aggressively can harm the gums and the gumline, leading to gum recession over time.

When you brush your teeth, be sure to use a soft-bristled toothbrush. When flossing, don't snap the floss hard between the teeth. It's also ideal to be gentle yet thorough when you brush your teeth and floss.

Teeth Grinding (Bruxism)

Teeth grinding refers to the gnashing and shifting of the teeth while you are asleep. Over time, this can lead to sore teeth and steady recession of your gumline.

Teeth grinding has a number of causes, so it's important that you see your dentist about your problem if suspect you grind your teeth.

Use of Tobacco Products

Cigarettes, cigars, and chewing tobacco can all increase your risk of various health problems. In addition to lung cancer and heart disease, tobacco products also increase your risk of gum disease and tooth loss.

Consider this another good reason to kick the habit for good. We can direct you towards various resources if you need help quitting.


People who suffer from diabetes often face an increased risk of infection, which includes struggles with gum disease. This is often exacerbated by the increased levels of glucose in the saliva or decreased production of saliva leading to dry mouth.

If you have diabetes, be sure to keep it under control as best as you can. Monitor your blood sugar and follow your doctor's orders.

Poor Diet and Nutrition

A poor diet can lead to a lack of certain vitamins and minerals, as well as general nutritional deficiencies. This can lead to gum disease, bleeding gums, and other problems.

Be sure to eat a healthy and balanced diet that included fresh vegetables and fruits. Avoid sugary snacks, soda, and junk food as much as you can.

Changes in Hormones

Hormonal imbalances have been shown to increase your risk of gum disease. This is particularly true of pregnant women and adolescents. In most cases, people who experience these temporary hormonal changes simply have to be more attentive about their oral hygiene.

Genetics and Family History

Some people's genetics just make them more susceptible to tooth decay and gum disease. While this is unfortunate, proper oral hygiene and regular dental visits can still help these people have healthy and beautiful smiles.

Learn More About Your Dental Care Options

If you would like more information on improving your periodontal health and preventing gum disease and gum recession, be sure to contact our team of experienced dentists today. The staff of Premier Dental Center looks forward to hearing from you.

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