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Your Anatomy Lesson for Today: Anatomy of a Tooth

By Steven Kail on September 25, 2017


Illustration of a cross-section of a healthy toothOur commitment to patient education is one of the cornerstones of Premier Dental Center, as well as one of the reasons that our patients are so consistently pleased with the quality of our dental care and service. In addition to serving our patients with exceptional restorative dentistry, cosmetic dentistry, and general dentistry, our dentists also provide our patients with all of the information they need to take excellent care of their teeth between visits to our practice. This includes education about the structures of their mouths and how these structures work.

When it comes to your health, oral and otherwise, knowledge truly is power. The better you understand your teeth, the better you can care for them. Many of us take our teeth for granted, even though we use them for a variety of essential functions every day of our lives. When you have a problem with your teeth, however, you can no longer take your teeth for granted. That’s why our dentists explain the anatomy of a tooth during appointments at their Jackson, TN cosmetic, restorative, and general dentistry practice. By acquainting patients with exactly how delicate each tooth is underneath its protective enamel, our dentists hope that patients will work to take meticulous care of their teeth.

If you want to work with dentists truly devoted to providing you with superior care and patient education, please schedule your initial consultation at Premier Dental Center today.

Welcome to Anatomy of a Tooth 101

When you look at your smile in the mirror, you hopefully see two rows of straight, healthy teeth. But what does each tooth comprise? The anatomy of each tooth includes:

  • The crown: This is the surface area of the tooth that you are able to see, protruding above the gum line. The shape of the crown determines what type of tooth a given tooth is: an incisor, a canine (or cuspid), a premolar (or bicuspid), or a molar. Incisors are the teeth located at the very front of the mouth - the “front” teeth, in other words; canines are the pointed teeth next to the incisors; premolars and molars have flat tops and are located on each side of the mouth.
  • The root: The tooth root is found beneath the gum line. It connects the tooth to the jawbone. Although you can’t see it, the root makes up approximately two-thirds of each tooth.
  • The root canal: Each tooth contains between one and four root canals. These canals are filled with a soft tissue called dental pulp.
  • Dental pulp: Dental pulp is a nutrient-rich substance made up of nerve tissue and blood vessels. It is essential to the health of the tooth. When dental pulp becomes exposed to outside elements, it can easily become infected.
  • Enamel: Enamel is the translucent outer layer of the tooth above the gum line. Although it is one of the strongest and hardest substances in all of nature, it can be damaged over time through exposure to bacteria.
  • Dentin: Dentin is the more delicate layer of the tooth that lies directly beneath the enamel.
  • Cementum: Cementum is the protective layer of the tooth below the gum line.

Learn More about the Anatomy of a Tooth

To learn more about the anatomy of a tooth, please contact Premier Dental Center today.

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